Demographic and economic facts

Demographic and economic facts

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The region of La Vega Baja is composed of twenty-seven towns covering a mere 953 km2 whose land shares a common socio-economic identity. According to data from the INE (The National Institute for Statistics) regarding the census of 2007, the region of La Vega Baja has a total number of 361,292 inhabitants distributed as follows:

Town Inhabitants
Albatera 11,102
Algorfa 3,645
Almoradí 17,945
Benejúzar 5,419
Benferri 1,601
Benijófar 3,707
Bigastro 6,588
Callosa de Segura 17,423
Catral 8,105
Cox 6,414
Daya Nueva 1,761
Daya Vieja 459
Dolores 6,954
Formentera del Segura 3,518
Town Inhabitants
Granja de Rocamora 2,271
Guardamar del Segura 15,132
Jacarilla 1,957
Los Montesinos 4,284
Orihuela 80,468
Pilar de la Horadada 22,812
Rafal 3,901
Redován 6,982
Rojales 17,543
San Fulgencio 10,583
San Isidro 1,561
San Miguel de Salinas 7,625
Torrevieja 94,006

Economic growth together with tourism and the building industry has meant a parallel demographic growth, since the lowest income levels match up with those areas of most agricultural activity, most of which are situated inland of the region and present a lower demographic growth. Although generally the whole of La Vega Baja has witnessed a rise in population (in the census of 2003 the population of the region was 193,933) the coastal towns and their neighbouring towns registered the highest demographic growth rate, for instance, San Fulgencio, which in 2001 had a population of 1,600 inhabitants, today has 10,583. In Rojales, while the number of inhabitants in 2001 was 7,500, according to the census, there are currently 17,543. Finally, the population in Guardamar del Segura, 5,300 inhabitants in 2001, amounted to 15,132 inhabitants in 2007.

Economic Data Icon
Economic Data

The region of La Vega Baja has undergone a huge economic transformation over recent years: the property boom has brought with it, on the one hand, job creation, seen in the strengthening of the building sector and, on the other hand, a widespread solution to the chronic unemployment in the region, closely related to agriculture. Because of these facts, a qualitative change took place in the region, so that the agriculture, that was an age-old and prime activity, was pushed into the background and the service sector given a major boost, closely followed by industry.

At the present time, the construction and the tourism are the most booming sectors in the numerous towns of the region.. The building industry is, undoubtedly, the engine that drives forward the economic sub-sectors linked to it. Which has led to a significant increase in immigration of diverse origin ( Maghribians, Bolivian, Colombian, Ecuadorian, Chinese, Eastern Europeans, etc.) As for the tourism sector, encouraged by the good weather and the possibility to play golf, as well as the existence of beaches and marinas very attractive, has led to the creation of a quality hotel industry, which previously did not exist.

The traditionally productive agricultural sector is loosing importance due to the lack of water. Despite that, thanks to the climate, the quality of the land and the experience of its farmers, agricultural production in the region is highly competitive and one of high quality. However the region is mostly irrigated despite the extremes of climate and water shortage, thanks to the historic contribution of the River Segura.