History and Personalities

History and Personalities

History IconHistory

The Region of the Vega Baja has been by its strategic location and its privileged natural conditions, settlement of diverse civilizations. The region was inhabited since prehistoric times, as demonstrated several investigations, which reveal several human settlements, since the Neolithic, in areas close to the Segura river between Rojales and Guardamar del Segura, or the villages of Bancalico Moros, the Corner and the Cabezo in Redován and Espeñetas Orihuela Later numerous villages came up to the region: Phoenicians, Carthaginians, Romans and visigodos.

Rabita Califal Tombstone of Guardamar

In the Islamic period the region enjoyed a high degree of autonomy, thanks to a deal signed between Teodomiro and Abd-al Aziz. It allowed the region to become a small Christian State called Tudmir in exchange for a tribute of vassalage paid until the beginning of the 9th century. Later on, during the Emirate and the Caliphate, Muslim dominion was imposed in La Vega Baja for more than 700 years and the region joined the Kingdom of Murcia. Throughout this time technological advances, such as retaining walls, waterwheels, dams, irrigation ditches and new crops, were introduced.

In the 12th century, the Crown of Castile reconquered La Vega Baja del Segura, after contending with the Crown of Aragon for it. In 1304, the Treaty of Torrellas, signed between both Crowns, saw the region join the Kingdom of Valencia, under the Crown of Aragon. During this period, Orihuela became the most important city in the southern peninsular and was designated the governmental capital in 1366.

Moorish castle in Cox

In 1429, La Vega Baja suffered the consequences of the war between Juan II of Castile and Alfonso III of Valencia, also known as Alfonso V of Aragon. On this occasion and on many others, La Vega Baja fought for Aragon and against Castile. An example was the support given to Archduke Carlos during the Spanish War of Succession. Consequently, an immediate reorganizing of the towns of the Crown of Aragon took place. The decree known as `Nueva Planta´ brought about the abolition of the legislative and political system of Valencia through the reversal of the charters or `Fueros de Valencia´, which were replaced by Castile´s laws.

After the war, the 18th century witnessed accelerated growth in the population. Cardinal Belluga devised a huge project, according to which a wet and normally marshy land, a constant source of disease, would be turned into fertile land. To this end, that land would be drained, irrigation ditches dug and numerous channels openned so that water could run freely to the river or the lagoon of Elche. Apart from a donation from the Crown, more than 400,000 square metres were bought from different towns in the region. It was then that Cardinal Belluga founded the following towns: Nuestra Señora de los Dolores, San Felipe and San Fulgencio and King Felipe V granted privileges to the new inhabitants of the area, contributing in this way to the economic and population growth in the area.

In March 1829, a violent earthquake shook La Vega Baja. This natural disaster affected many towns in the region (Torrevieja, Guardamar del Segura, Almoradí, Algorfa, Benejúzar...), whole towns were destroyed and there were a large number of casualties. The engineer José Agustín Larramendi, who served as a royal architect, was in charge of the layout of the new towns. He designed the ground plans in accordance with the academic guidelines of the early 19th century so the towns layout was of the type we call `hippodamian´, that is to say, the streets were arranged in a `checkerboard´, perfectly parallel to each other, forming completely square and perpendicular blocks of houses. The one storey houses had spacious inner courtyards in order to prevent future earthquakes.

The 20th century brought important socio-economic changes to La Vega Baja starting with important demographic growth. However, during the 50s this growth stagnated owing to the fact that the population emigrated to more industrial areas. From that decade there were changes in the systems of exploitation of the soil and in the type of chief crops since intensive farming was introduced in horticultural and fruit crops. In that period, industry focused on the transformation of agricultural produce. At the same time, tourist activities increased.

Thanks to the modernization of agriculture and to the industrial upturn, a demographic recovery took place from the 70s although it was especially visible in the 80s. The construction of the interbasin diversion of the river Tajo to the river Segura brought about higher agricultural productivity, turning the dry farming land into irrigation land. The channeling of the River Segura was a very significant building project for La Vega Baja for as well as preventing the floods, which had become frequent over the last years, it changed the appearance of the towns through which the river flowed -Orihuela and Rojales- and of the whole of the fertile land.

Diversión Tajo-Segura

In the 90s the drought suffered in the region revealed the vulnerability of the soil’s richness. A portion of the cultivated land had to be given up because finding a constant water-supply was impossible and of the lack of quality of the water transferred from the interbasin diversion Tajo-Segura.

In the 90s the drought suffered in the region revealed the vulnerability of the soil’s richness. A portion of the cultivated land had to be given up because finding a constant water-supply was impossible and of the lack of quality of the water transferred from the interbasin diversion Tajo-Segura.

During these last years, La Vega Baja has also suffered changes in the land’s demarcation. Three new towns were created with the addition of another, Puebla de Rocamora, in February 1974 which was annexed to the nearest town, Daya Nueva, bigger in size.

On 30th July 1986, El Pilar de la Horadada became an independent town, after breaking away from Orihuela to which it had formed part of until then. In 1990 Los Montesinos broke away from Almoradí, to which it had belonged since the 16th century being since this moment an independent locality. The last segregation in the region took place in 1993 in San Isidro, that became independent from nearby Albatera.

Personalities IconPersonalities

Albatera

Valentín García Quinto

Obra de Valentín Garcia QuintoValentín García Quinto nació en Albatera en 1927. Su inclinación a la pintura y escultura le viene desde la infancia.

Marcha a Barcelona en 1942 para cursar estudios en la Escuela de Artes y Oficios. Completa su formación en el Taller de Reixach Campanya y posteriormente estudia dibujo y modelado en Palma de Mallorca y decoración de escultura y talla de piedra en Madrid.

Hacia 1953 conoce al Padre Mojíca y marcha a trabajar a Perú, donde permanece hasta 1970, fecha en la que regresa a su pueblo natal.

Sus obras, fundamentalmente de inspiración religiosa, embellecen la Semana Santa albaterense y la de numerosos pueblos de nuestra provincia, Almería y Murcia.

Artista universal y trabajador incansable tiene esculturas repartidas por todo el mundo: Egipto, Nueva York, Cuba, Perú, Venezuela y Japón.

Destacado como uno de los representantes de la escultura levantina actual, fue nombrado Hijo Predilecto de la Villa de Albatera en 1996.

Almoradí

Tomás Valdés Ibáñez

Tomás Valdés Ibáñez

Mr Tomás Valdés Ibáñez was born in Almoradí and he entered the Naval School on 9th October 1941. On 15th October 1946, he was promoted to Sub-lieutenant, being top of his rank. For this reason, he was awarded the 1st class 'Naval Merit Cross' with white badge.

On 8th August 1950 he held the post of Lieutenant and was assigned to the cruiser Méndez Núñez. He embarked on the Naval Division Staff of the Mediterranean Sea, on the destroyer Gravina and on the cruiser Miguel de Cervantes. As Lieutenant, he commanded the fishery protection vessel Cies and the minesweeper Almanzora.

On 1st January 1950 he was promoted to Captain of Corvette. On 1st July 1971 he was promoted to Captain of Frigate, taking the command of the destroyer Almirante Valdés. On February 1979 he was promoted to Captain of the Ship. On 3rd March 1982 he rose to the position of Navy Rear Admiral. On the open sea, he has held the following positions:

Lieutenant on the fishery protection vessel Cies and on the minesweeper Almanzora; Captain of Frigate on the destroyer Almirante Valdés and First Captain of Ship on the 11th squadron of destructors.


Benijófar

Florencio Celdrán Chazarra

He was born in Benijófar (Alicante) on 7th October 1899. As a child, he lost his left arm in the metallic wheel cogs on the banks of the River Segura.

Until the age of 23 he worked as a teacher in his hometown.

He then began teaching as an aspiring novice at the old Salesian School in Alicante. His valuable work there allowed then general superior, Felipe Rinaldi, to excuse him for the loss of an arm and to enter the novitiate.

On 17th July 1927, he took vows as a coadjutor Salesian in Sarriá, in Barcelona and came back to Alicante where he remained until 1931.

On the night of 11th May 1931, thugs raided and burnt the Salesian School in Alicante, where 800 children from the poorest social class were receiving free education.

He moved to a school in Valencia, in Sagunto Street. On the night of 21st July 1936, the school was besieged. Predicament, sudden shock and fear accompanied the salesians through the night. At daybreak, the school was raided by a crowd of people shouting, swearing, looting and destroying. The arrival of the civil guard was a relief to the salesians. The police vans took them to the model prison in Mislata.

He was set free on the 29th of the same month but the following day he was arrested again in the same station of Mislata. He was finally released thanks to the measures taken by the Revolutionary Committee of Benijófar. To this end, several members of the committee travelled to Valencia and after laborious negotiations, they managed to set him free and take him to Benijófar.

Step the war in its people, touring the orchard with a book under his single arm, and in the pauses of work taught to neighbors to read and write.

In 1939, he came back to Valencia and joined the school in Sagunto Street once again, where he remained until his death.

In the year 1957, the former students made him a great tribute.

In 1963 he underwent a cataract operation but went blind the following year.

Mr Florencio took personal responsibility for the income during his 24 years of teaching there. His class was a buzzing hive of 60 or 70 pupils, since he asked to have all those were fitting in the classroom and his disgust was increased whenever one of them was removed from his classroom.

He defended and served the trilogy: counting, reading and writing. He asked every day to all and in all matters, in a circle. He used the method of the points. He skilfully maintained discipline in the classroom. He was very patient with the pupils who where behind, teaching them separately, during the break or rest time.

His life was a constant lesson. When parents were enrolling their children, they insisted that their kids were admitted in his class, so he had a good reputation as a teacher and as a person. It was the class of the excellent teacher, of the good man, of the one-armed. He was the most dear teacher of the college … !without any academic title!.

He was a man of burly aspect, rather high that low, and one-handed. He had a round head, dark-skinned face with a friendly smiling expression. His pace was slow and his body was tough. With regard to his moral, he was a good man par excellence.

He died in Valencia, in the school in Sagunto Street, on 14th December 1972 at the age of 73, after 44 years of religious life.

Callosa de Segura

Francisco Salinas

Francisco Salinas

Francisco-Martín Salinas and García was born in Callosa del Segura on 17th November 1909 and he died in the Provincial Hospital in Alicante on 30th May 1987. He was the sixth son of a family of nine children. Their parents were Juan Antonio Salinas Bernal and Desamparados García y Macía. They lived in Cervantes street, opposite the primary school. His father was a hairdresser´s in 16, Mayor Street. The family was nicknamed the Cabotas, which in Valencian dialect means `bigheaded´.

Francisco Salinas’s poetical skills stood out due to his ability to compose of memory in the style of troubadour. Francisco didn’t attend school because he stayed away spending the day playing and getting into mischief. He took over his father’s job as a hairdresser. The hairdresser’s salon was the meeting point for poets from La Vega Baja who informally gathered together there to chat. According to his niece, Rosario Salinas, the salon was frequented by Miguel Hernández, Santiago Moreno, Vicente Bautista, Gabriel y Ramón Sijé, Carlos Fenoll, Jesús Poveda, Manuel Molina, Vicente Ramos, Carlos Sahagún and the painter Gastón Castelló.

Luis Belda Benavent, a poet from Callosa, in the prologue to the poetical anthology by Francisco Salinas, edited by the Municipal Council of Culture of Callosa del Segura in 1989, that during the Civil War Francisco Salinas was involved in the Militia of the Republican Culture of Callosa and ‘is well known the cultural movement in which it should insert to Francisco Salinas: on one side the generation of 27 is setting with its new conception of poetry the path to follow.’ We don’t think that Salinas was included among the poets of the 27 generation but, when we consider his age, he could well have belonged to the 36 generation, also called the Civil War Generation. In spite of this, Aitor L. Larrabide points out that "the generational method has fallen down in the ostracism ". ". It would therefore be interesting grouping to many poets and writers of the Vega Baja within what might be called "Group of the Vega Baja" ´. In the literary circle of Salinas barber’s the last literary tendencies were recited and commented on. It is even said, although it is not proven yet, that Miguel Hernández attended these gatherings together with other friends from Orihuela.

Granja de Rocamora

Joaquín Cartagena Aldeguer

Joaquin Cartagena with a group of pupils

He was born in Granja de Rocamora, grew up in Guardamar practiced his profession in Campo de Mirra and Callosa de Segura. Joaquin Cartagena Aldeguer "1896-1942" was one of those teachers that in the twenties and thirties were not limited to offering lessons in the classroom. Children and adults were subjected to his activities in a society that went need of what for him it was an ideal: the "instruction. Have had to spend more than fifty years for these four people are turn in awards.

He was not a theory of pedagogy; his only publication was a booklet of just over twenty pages on the people in which he lived his first destination, which he paid. Published in 1925, titled the "Field Notes of Myrra", and it was for educational purposes. He wanted to tell their students and their elders his past and local current importance.

Today the importance of this booklet is different. Its pages provide the reader counted present negligible sociological information about life in a farming village of Spain in the twenties. Social relationships, the rigors of land, migration, illiteracy, the Catholic influence, lack of sanitary facilities and schools, the establishment of the Patriotic Union, the party hosted by General Primo de Rivera. Everything is in the observations of that young man.

In addition, the teacher Cartagena convinced the mayor to apply for recognition of a coat of arms. Proposed a design, but the Spanish Royal Academy rejected it in a reasoned report for not adhering to the heraldic rules. The report, however, had a double significance: the correction of the resulting design and concluded that the former Almizra of the signed agreement in the thirteenth century by James I and the future Alfonso X the Wise had been placed in this municipal area.

Joaquin Cartagena was born in Granja de Rocamora because his father was a doctor there, but his family - as his girlfriend and then wife Maria Blasco - was of Guardamar. In 1927 he moved to Callosa de Segura, where he remained until his death in 1942, victim of an epidemic of typhus. In Callosa was director of the school and carried out several initiatives with adults, organized conferences of the pediatrician Pedro Herrero, formed theatre groups and was a friend of another teacher who was exercising in the nearby Redován: Rafael Pérez y Pérez, who would turn into a recognized pink novelist.

During 1999, his figure is recovering with the chain of recognitions of the villages that he was linked. The Town Hall of Campo de Mirra, which already had dedicated a street, Adopted child named him in March and it has intention of putting his name to the schools. Granja de Rocamora has opened this month of December, called a House of Culture "Joaquin Cartagena Aldeguer", while at the same opening the mayor of Callosa de Segura announced that the City plans to dedicate him a street.

Guardamar del Segura

Ingeniero Mira

The sand dunes entered Guardamar del Segura

Francisco Mira was born in Aspe in 1863. He was an illustrious engineer whose life was very linked to the history of Guardamar del Segura, in particular by the pine grove that was planted at the beginning of the 20th century to hold back the advancement of the dune coastline located on both side of the mouth of the River Segura.

The first step was the artificial construction of a dune coastline that would work as a natural barrier, preventing the sand from advancing from the sea. This will be built a fence about 70 meters the limits of the sea, by a 1.5 meter-high fence.

This area of forest has 840 hectares and in its origin was a set of sand dunes mobiles which were set applying the Goury method. In order to curb the advance of the dunes on the village, which were formed by sediments of the sea and the river, and dragged by the east wind. In order to avoid this happening, a plan to plant the pine grove of Guardamar began in 1900. There began this project of plantation of Guardamar's pine grove in the year 1900, finishing in the 30s and giving place to the large area of forest next to the sea, and of great interest landscape with its masses of pines trees that populate the forest, which offers excellent conditions for its recreational use.

In the year 2001 there took place the celebration of the centenary of the forest repopulation, and was created in what was his house, the House - museum that takes his name.

Jacarilla

Alfonso Vegara

Alfonso Vegara

Alfonso Vegara Gómez,architect, economist and sociologist born in Jacarilla in 1955. He is one of the town planners of major prestige in the whole world. He is considered among the most influential Spanish people in the United States.

He has made numerous urban development projects of entity in the international area and has carried out the territorial planning in numerous Spanish regions.

HHe has been member of the International Advisory Board of the Eisenhower Exchange Foundation, Chaired by the former president George Bush and in the epoch in which the current Secretary of Defense Donald H. Rumsfeld was his executive President.

At the present time, he is President of the International Society of City and Regional Planners (ISOCARP). He is also President of the Fundación Metrópoli, which mission is to contribute to the innovation and development of cities and the territories from an international perspective. His last works are included in the project `cities´, for the analysis of the contributions to the urban development of 20 emblematic cities on our planet.

His innovative ideas in the international area make him a creditor of being an instigator of the introduction of a "new urbanism in Spain, that is reflected in a multitude of projects carried out over the last years. Alfonso García has even been considered as a candidate for mayor in Madrid.

In a country like Spain that has hanging subject in urbanism, Alfonso Vegara's name has acquired international renown. Apart from being for many years chairman of one of the international associations of town planners, his projects have received awards from the United Nations, the European Union, the European Council of Town planners, Architects' Colleges, Managerial Associations, Town halls and National Governments.

He is considered one of the most influential Spanish citizens in the United States of America. He is member of the International Advisory Board of the Eisenhower Exchange Foundation and adviser in different cities such as Singapore, Dublin and Curitiba.

The most recent project of Alfonso Vegara is` The island of the innovation ', which is built currently on the estuary of Avilés, in Asturias, where 'will become an area heavily damaged in an area of excellence and innovation. He also collaborates with the United Nations in the search for advances in town planning as a development challenge. One of his recent books, `Territorios inteligentes´ (Intelligent Space), had a huge impact.

He was named one of Jacarilla´s honorary citizens in 2003. A park in his town is dedicated to him and in the house where he was born shows a commemorative plaque.

Orihuela

Miguel Hernández

Miguel Hernández

The poet Miguel Hernández Gilabert was born in Orihuela, a small town of Alicante, on 30th October 1910. He was the son of a cattle contractor, so he spent his childhood and teens in the bright mountain range of Orihuela, after a small herd. He milked the goats and delivered their milk around the neighbourhood in the afternoons. During the short period of only a few years, he gave up this way of life to attend the Ave María School, where he studied grammar, arithmetic, geography and religion, standing out for his amazing talent. In 1925, at the age of 15, he had to leave school and return to his goats again near Orihuela. But, while he was taking care of them, he used to read works by Gabriel y Galán, Miró and Zorrilla. He even used to write his own verses under the shade of a tree.

Thus began his first poetical works. At dusk he walked around the neighbourhood and knows Ramón Sijé, Gabriel Sijé and the Brothers Fenoll, whose baker´s was the meeting point of a group of art lovers. Ramón Sijé, a young law student, gave him advice about his reading selection. He introduced him towards the classics ones and religious poetry, he encouraged him to continue with his creative practice and his influence led the poet to improve. The young shepherd arranged to get access to the books from the library of the `Círculo de Bellas Artes´ (Fine Arts Society), as he taught himself. He started reading great authors of the Golden Century: Cervantes, Lope, Calderón, Góngora and Garcilaso, together with some modern writers such as Juan Ramón Jiménez and Antonio Machado. In 1930 Miguel Hernández started publishing poems in the weekly newspaper El Pueblo of Orihuela and the journal El Día of Alicante. Since then, his name has been much talked of in local magazines and journals.

When the Civil War broke out in July 1936, he was forced to make a decision. Miguel Hernández resolutely and enthusiastically joined the Republican side. He not only devoted himself to the cause but he also devoted his work to it. He joined the 5th Regiment as a volunteer, after saying goodbye to his family and friends from Orihuela. He fought on different fronts: Boadilla del Monte, Pozuelo and Alcalá. During the middle of the war, he took a short trip to Orihuela and married Josefina Manresa on 9th March 1937. Some days later, he had to return to the front. His life was one of constant travels and a frenetic literary activity. All that together with the strain of war caused him to suffer a brain anemia. Following medical advice, he withdrew to Cox to recover from his illness. Several plays from Teatro en la guerra and two books of poems remain as testimony of that war time: Viento del pueblo (1937) and El hombre acecha (1939).

Miguel Hernández

In spring 1939, when the defeated Republicans were fleeing the country, Miguel Hernández tries to cross the Portuguese border but is captured and handed over to the Spanish authorities. So began his coming and going between prisons in Seville and Madrid. Suddenly, in the middle of September 1939, he was released.

Attracted by the love for his family, he arrived in Orihuela, where he was again imprisoned in the seminary of San Miguel converted into a prison. Miguel stayed there until his defenceless body suffered acute pulmonary tuberculosis, that spread to both lungs, reaching such severity that his transferral to Portal Coeli’s prison’s sanatorium was impossible. Miguel Hernández wasted away slowly and painfully through haemorrhages and coughing fits. On 28th March 1942, he died at the age of 31.

His remains were laid to rest in the Nuestra Señora de los Remedios Cemetery in Alicante.


Pedro Terol

Pedro Terol

Pedro Terol, outstanding tenor and baritone during the first half of the 20th century, died of a heart attack on 19th August 2003 at his home in Madrid. He was 95, according to family sources. The singer from Alicante, who withdrew from the stage since the mid 60s, was one of the most brilliant of his time and one of the main ambassadors of `zarzuela´-the Spanish operetta- and other national music styles all over the world. Pedro Sánchez Terol was born in the town Orihuela (Alicante) in 1909. His talent for singing stood out from an early age, so he made his debut on stage when he was only 9.

Orihuela’s Town Hall and County Council of Alicante financed his singing studies in Madrid.

He completed his musical education in Milan, through a grant from the `Círculo de Bellas Artes´ (Fine Arts Society) in Madrid. In this Italian city, he gave his first concert as a lyric tenor in 1929.

But Pedro Terol’s success came when he started performing as a baritone and after coming back to Spain, singing Spanish operettas such as ` La rosa del azafrán´ and `Luisa Fernanda´.

His success allowed him to form his own company and to begin a tour throughout Spain in the first half of the 40s, in addition to presenting the Spanish operetta and the best of Spanish music all over America and a great part of Europe. After the Spanish Civil War he had succeeded in the Liceo of Barcelona and tried his luck at the movie business, where he was also successful in films such as ` La reina mora´ and `Los heroes del barro´.

He went back to theatre and again found success performing `Carmen´. He also began long tours once more, accompanied by the great musician Pablo Sorozábal. They performed Spanish operettas together in large theatres across American and European cities, such as New York and Paris.

Pilar de la Horadada

José Sánchez Lozano

La Verónica, by José Sánchez Lozano

This sculptor of religious images was born in 1904 in Pilar de la Horadada, at that time this town belonged to Orihuela (Alicante). He is the main exponent of the school of religious images of the 20th century, based on the style created by Francisco Salzillo. Most of his works can be found in the provinces of Alicante, Albacete, Granada, Almería and, above all, in Murcia. He lived there for a time, but when he was still young he moved to Madrid and later to Barcelona to continue his studies.

As well as being sculptor and restorer of religious images, he was a teacher in the `Escuela de Artes y Oficios´ of Murcia (School of Arts and Crafts).

Among the numerous awards he has received we emphasize the Golden medal of the Italian Academy of Art and Work (1980), the Laurel of Fine arts of Murcia (1982) or the Golden medal of the Société Academique d'Education et d'Encouragement of Paris (1986).

He was named Knight of the Honourable Ducal Order of San Antón in Orihuela.

He died in his home town, Pilar de la Horadada, on 1st November 1995.


Miguel Albaladejo

Poster of the film "Rencor"

Miguel Alvadalejo was born in Pilar de la Horadada on 20th August 1966. This director and scriptwriter of Spanish Cinema He studied Film Studies in the Complutense University in Madrid (1984-1990).

He was assistant producer in the following films `El sueño del mono loco´ (Fernando Trueba, 1989), `Las cartas de Alou´ (Montxo Armendáriz, 1990) and direction assistant in `Todos a la cárcel´ (Luis García Berlanga).

His passion for cinema began in his childhood and continued in his teens, since his family owned a cinema and his older brother was in charge of choosing the program. It allowed Albaladejo to spend his childhood watching films by Buñuel, Bertolucci, Kubrick, Pasolini, Woody Allen, Truffaut y Fassbinder, among other great names of the 70s.

Filmography:

  • Sangre Ciega (1994)
    Short film with Geli Albaladejo
  • La primera noche de mi vida - The First Night Of My Life (1998)
  • Manolito Gafotas (1999)
    Based on the character in children’s books created by Elvira Lindo
  • Ataque verbal (2000)
  • El cielo abierto - –The open Sky (2001)
    Best Film in the V Latin Film Festival in Los Ángeles.
    Best Supporting Actor Goya (Emilio Gutiérrez Caba)
  • Rencor (2002)
    Best Novel Actress Goya (Lolita Flores)
  • Cachorro – Bear Cub (2004)
  • Volando voy (2006)

Rafal

Agustín Bertomeu Salazar

He was born in Rafal in 1929. He was the director of military bands. Composer of more than 160 musical very winning works, which have been interpreted by national and foreign groups of chamber.

Rojales

Salvador García

Salvador García Aguilar

Salvador García Aguilar was born in Rojales (Alicante) on 21st November 1924. In 1940 he moved to Molina de Segura (Murcia), where he is an honourable citizen. In 1983 he was awarded the prize Premio Nadal for his novel `Regocijo en el Hombre´. Other published works are: `Epílogo para una reencarnación´ (1979), `La Guerra de los patos´ (1980), `Relatos´ (1983), `Clama el Silencio´ (1986) and `Granada Cajín´ (1988).

The Legend of `La Encantá´ is a popular legend of Rojales (Alicante) based on the 13th century. The literary work by Salvador García Aguilar has been adapted for the stage under the title of `La Noche de la Encantá´ and has been directed by Alberto González Vergel, with music by Gustavo González Ros. The play was an homage paid by the three artists to his home town and its people.

San Miguel de Salinas

Gratiniano Baches Romero

The remembered and prestigious teacher of the school Gratiniano Baches Romero was born in San Miguel of Salinas in 1878. Then came to Torrevieja, where he was teaching in the 30s, first at a school located in the street Photographers Darblade and subsequently in the Graduate School, which became its director.

1929 The teacher Gratiniano Baches Romero realized an important archaeological study on the former Roman causeway Route Heracle or Hercules, known also as August Route, Whose tracing was happening near San Ginés's immemorial pasture or Matamoros, we now know as the Dehesa de Campoamor. At present, in the house of the culture of Pilar de la Horadada, finds the archaeological museum that takes Gratiniano Baches Romero's name. In this museum, among other things related to archaeology and anthropology, one finds a bust of bronze of the teacher Gratiniano Baches Romero, who died in 1939 at 61 years of age.

Torrevieja

Ricardo Lafuente

Ricardo Lafuente

Ricardo Lafuente was born in Torrevieja and grew to the compass of 2x4, in time of Cuban dance and his sensual, romantic and warm pace will sound already always along his life: in his grandmas first, in the nights and days of his infancy later, in the gratings and rounds of his youth later and in his soul and heart always. Labrador of Cuban dances conquered the plaudit of Spain with "Torrevieja", Cuban dance composed by him, letter and music, and that has given the round-the-world trip with his more than twenty-five record versions and that defined forever first his musical vocation and his special dedication to the music of his village and his people. His labour in this genre counts with:

Some 30 Cuban dances original, some so-called "Torrevieja", "¡Que lindo atardecer !"...

Various adaptations and Lyric versions of Cuban dances of deep popular tradition and original own, among which are: "The Bold", "Come with me to the Pampas," "Oh, marinera, are your eyes," "Never forget”...

Work and studies on the origin and root of the Cuban dance in Torrevieja.

His music covers many other fields, getting compositions very commendable in light music, "Gift of Love", "Adelaide "... In the field of the educated music "In the place of Europe," the lyric poem "Cuenca." He is the author, letter and music of the official anthem of Torrevieja.

In the Portuguese city of Vila Praia de Aucora was honoured in 2001.

In 2002 he was awarded the plaque “Golden holder ", Torrevieja's Asoc Hostelería.

In 199.. opened his museum, which displayed some of his history, memories, his obtained awards etc...