Nature IconNature

View of La Vega Baja

Agriculture and environmental wealth are some of the distinctive characteristics of La Vega Baja. This region possesses an important ecological heritage, which is reflected in the huge diversity of landscapes that contrast each other, such as the River Segura which winds its way through two different types of landscapes: dry lands and irrigated lands. Also in sharp contrast to the irrigated lands of the plain, the mountain rages of Orihuela, Callosa de Segura and Albatera all stand out and, on the right bank of the River Segura raises Sierra Escalona. All these mountains have great ecological value and landscape that is representative of the native flora and fauna.

Moving towards the coast from north to south, the garden and the sea come together at the mouth of the Segura River and discovered a complex of sand dunes caused by the contributions of sea and river, and a large pinnate. Also at the coast is the wetland formed by the Natural Park of the Lagunas of La Mata and Torrevieja. This area is designated a ZEPA, the Spanish acronym for Special Protection Area for Bird. As the traveller approaches the South, he will begin to enjoy the typical Mediterranean forests and the sandy beaches in the North with their crystal-clear waters, and in the South, the coast becomes more rugged.

Products IconThe Garden

The garden is the area of traditional cultivation of the region of the Vega Baja and constitutes an area feature by the multiple division of the terraces planted of different crops that make up a mosaic of shapes and colours crossover, with an extensive network of rural roads, sidewalks unpaved and ditches where the water takes the lives of crops, and of course the Segura river.

views of the garden

The garden in the region of Vega Baja landscape is a cultural, socioeconomic and environmental result of work of many generations through centuries, providing environmental, cultural and economic factors, which are the main sign of identity for the region, as well as an economic value and productive, whether in the garden is a space to keep for not disappear from the environmental values and heritage.

With respect to crops, The garden in this region has suffered a process of transformation, expanding the current crop of citrus fruits and vegetables Emphasizing especially the orange tree, lemon tree , artichokes, melons, watermelons, potatoes, celery, broccoli, beans, lettuce, etc.

As for the arboreal species that can be observed on the roads and paths of this garden, forming part of the culture and idiosyncrasies of this region we find shades of so typical trees of this land as the mulberry, The fig tree, the carob-tree and the palm.

River Segura IconRiver Segura

River Segura flowing through Orihuela

The River Segura is one of the most important elements of la Vega Baja, thanks to the river have been created the most deeply-rooted habits of people who cross to its step. The River Segura basin covers an area of 18,651 km2 in the provinces of Jaén, Granada, Almería, Albacete, Murcia and Alicante. The River Segura, called `Staber´ by the Greeks, `Thader´ by the Romans, and `Sakura´ by the Arabs, starts to flow in Pontones (Jaén) Sierra de Cazorla and ends in Guardamar del Segura (Alicante), with a length of 350 Km.

The legacy from the Iberian tradition is one of the most important of the region. The first Iberian settlers settled in the area and built their houses near the River Segura. However, it was the Arabs who benefited most from our river.

Many of the main and secondary irrigation ditches, diversion ditches and drainage ditches still remain to this day and are the outcome of an elaborate plan which sought the best way to channel the river water to all areas of the orchard area, thus making agriculture an economic activity At the present time, due to the Mediterranean climate, the limited rainfall throughout the region makes the main problem that is the lack of water. The rains did not irrigate the land and requires the maximum utilization of the River Segura and its careful management. As a consequence, for that there is the "Water Court which elaborated weekly water distribution schedules providing a proper delivery of irrigated water. During the irrigation period, the land is irrigated according to the arrival of water to plots. Each irrigation turn starts when the last turn finishes. The irrigation system is vital to La Vega Baja, the geographical fact that historical events are added as the threats of floods and prolonged droughts which have affected for centuries the coastal lowlands, orchards and towns.

Groves of the River Segura IconThe Groves of the River Segura

River Segura

As a result of channelling works, and in order to reduce the impact on the landscape and the environment, old meanders which had been abandoned on the banks of the River Segura were recovered. The treatment consisted of the reforestation of the meanders of the former river course with different native tree species. Gravel tracks were made and benches and litter bins were installed, changing the meanders into play and recreational areas.

As many as 40,000 metres of groves were reforested, altogether totalling 56 reforested groves in La Vega Baja. For their treatment and recovery, different types of tree species were selected for each grove. Drip irrigation systems were installed in every grove to guarantee the water supply to the plantations during the first years of life. Moreover, palm and white mulberry trees (two common tree species in La Vega Baja) were planted alongside the track which runs along the embankment.

The River Mouth IconThe River Mouth

The River Segura Mouth

The mouth of the River Segura and its final stretch before meeting the sea both constitute an outstanding open space, offering a wonderful contrast of water types: the green-coloured water originating from the land and the blue-coloured salt water from the open sea. The wide riverbed and the plentiful vegetation complete the scenery. These natural conditions offer a wide range of aquatic birds: grey heron, egret, black-winged stilt, night heron, seagull, little grebe, moorhen, etc.

Beaches IconBeaches

Dunes of Guardamar

The beaches in the district of Vega Baja offers the traveller a wide range of possibilities to spend a few days resting in direct contact with the sea and sand. All the beaches have a service fit for better comfort and tranquility of the visitor.